Hydrogen Fuel - A Reality
Posted By Owner / Shareholder (Date of Submission: 11/10/2016)
Introducing ….THE HYDROGEN SPLITTER PROCESS
Water ….The power of the future?. The belief that water will one day make a serious impact on our lives as a superior energy source has gained traction exponentially. Water is abundantly available and has the right molecular compound which prompted space scientists to explore the universe for this precious commodity. Find water and you will find life. CO2 emissions is destroying our ecosystem. If science does not intervene soon enough, we will experience catastrophic changes to weather patterns worldwide. The impact of some of these changes is already evident. Governments have acknowledged that participation in renewable energy projects was no more an option, but an imperative .
My name is Veer Singh. I have an intimate knowledge of fuel production within a petrochemical industry, and my speciality in combustion fundamentals and principles, has largely contributed to my passion for seeking alternate fuels. I have extensive knowledge in all aspects of process variables including condition monitoring the ISO9000 way. Allow me to introduce you to The Hydrogen Splitter Process.The unit embodies the age old process of electrolysis in a unique design and structure, with the use of a patented catalyst. The unit will be fitted to diesel and petrol vehicles and once powered up, the water is electrically shocked into releasing its hydrogen molecule and routed to the combustion chamber. The oxygen is sequestered in the water. The production is on demand and safe whereas no gas is stored but utilised immediately. Hydrogen is a highly flammable gas, colourless and odourless. The flame speed of hydrogen ensures total burn off of other fuels around it. The overall cleaner burn unloads the engine resulting in better efficiency.
Fuel consumption has shown a reduction of over 30%. The most desirable outcome was the reduction in exhaust emissions, and particulate matter by over 80%. The usual, black soot residue which is a permanent fixture on most vehicles disappear after a few hundred kilometres. A definite increase in performance has also been noted.
Hydrogen + Oxygen = Water
The simple statement that water is made from hydrogen and oxygen doesn't give us a very clear picture of what really goes into the creation of a molecule of water. A quick look at the chemical equation for the formation of water tells us more.
2H2 + O2 = 2H2O.
It takes two molecules of the diatomic hydrogen gas, combined with one molecule of the diatomic oxygen gas to produce two molecules of water. In other words the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen is 2:1, the molecular ratio of hydrogen to water is 1:1, and the molecular ratio of oxygen to water is 1:2. The atomic ratios are different because a molecule of water contains 2 atoms of hydrogen and only one atom of oxygen.
There's something more though that doesn't show up in the equation. “Energy” The formation of water from it's elements produces, in addition to water, a tremendous amount of energy, 572 kJ to be exact.
2H2 + O2 = 2H2O + ENERGY.
This is an example of an exothermic reaction, a reaction that produces energy. It is also an example of what is called a combustion reaction, where a substance (in this case hydrogen gas) is combined with oxygen. You are probably familiar with this reaction through two tragic examples of the unleashed energy of the combustion reaction of hydrogen, the Hindenburg, and the space shuttle Challenger.
Hydrogen Fuel? Yes - hydrogen is a good, clean fuel, producing only water as a by-product. Unfortunately it produces so much energy that it can get out of control, resulting in an explosion. But let's forget about that explosive part for a minute and think about the possibilities - Hydrogen as a New Clean Fuel - it could be the end of the energy crisis - but where would we get the hydrogen?
Can we create Hydrogen from Water? Oh Yes! It's the same chemical reaction, but run in reverse:
2H2O + ENERGY = 2H2 + O2
Notice now that the requirement is for energy to be ADDED TO the reactants. This is an example of an Endothermic reaction. This means that we could use Water as a Fuel, IF (and
this is a big if) we could find an easy energy-efficient way to convert the water to hydrogen and oxygen, then the hydrogen could be used as a clean fuel.
One way to convert Water to Hydrogen and Oxygen is through the process of Electrolysis - using electricity as the source of energy to drive the reaction. Because of the laws of thermodynamics, you can't break even in this exchange of energy. However, there does indeed exist a better way to disassemble water - namely using CATALYSIS. Catalysis is the process of using a catalyst, usually to cause a chemical reaction to proceed faster and with less energy required.
What does a catalyst do? A catalyst is a chemical compound that acts to speed up a reaction, but in the process is not itself changed. Therefore the catalyst, at the end of the reaction, is free to act again to assist another reactant through the reaction.
Catalysts work by lowering the energy barrier between the reactants and the products. In this case:
2[H2O] + ENERGY = 2H2 + O2
Where it normally takes a tremendous amount of energy to convert reactants to products - the addition of a catalyst can decrease the amount of energy required, and speed the reaction up! Speeding up the reaction means that more hydrogen is produced at a greater rate.
2[H2O] + CATALYST+ ENERGY = 2H2 + O2 + CATALYST
Energy Transformation process. To accomplish useful work, the chemical energy must be converted to kinetic energy. Again the quandary lies in the fuel’s inability to efficiently deliver such a direct conversion. Internal combustion engines therefore rely on a 2-stage conversion process:
Chemical > Thermal – Thermal > Kinetic .
Chemical-> thermal - The fuel is first burned to generate heat. Heat alone can’t power our vehicles any better than the liquid gasoline we started with. We need yet another conversion.
Thermal-> kinetic - As the fuel burns and generates heat, it heats up the nitrogen coming in from the incoming air charge, water vapour ( ambient humidity, or the by-product of combustion), and carbon dioxide. Some of the water vapour and pretty much all of the carbon dioxide are the result of burning the fuel. The water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and other elements instantaneously expand in the cylinder when heated, is called the Expansion Medium thus completing the Thermal to Kinetic conversion. Without an expansion medium you simply heat up and destructively melt all the components within the combustion chamber. Furthermore, the different gasses have different thermal expansion
coefficients. In simpler terms, water expands at 12 times the rate of nitrogen. Carbon dioxide is more expansive than water. Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer
I continue to expand my research with the hope of operating a vehicle without the use of fossil fuel. This reality is a tall order, however,new technological breakthroughs by the many scientists around the world gives us access through strategic alliances. This sharing of information has certainly expedited our progress in development.
The prototype is already in operation however the project is in need of investors to come on board as business partners to its completion.Direct Contact
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